The Abaca Plant

When mature the abaca plant consists of about 12 to 30 stalks radiating from a central root system. Each of these stalks is about 12 to 20 feet high and the fibre is stripped from the stem rather than the leaf, with each stalk being cut into sheaths and then strips or "tuxies".

The strips are then scraped (i.e. either hand or machine "decorticated") to remove the pulp, then sometimes washed and dried. The outer leaves of the plant are wider and contain more but coarser fibre than the inner leaves.

Harvesting of the stalks usually takes place between 18 and 24 months from the first shoots.

The abaca plant to the untrained eye, can easily be mistaken for the banana plant - without the fruit.

Abaca Information

A Brief History

The Plant

Uses of Abaca

Abaca Grading